Organic drug stores at the College of Queensland have actually located that an uncommon bioactive disaccharide called trehalulose, which is a function of stingless honey, while not leading in any type of various other foods, is generated in the intestine of stingless .

Tetragonula carbonaria combs. Image credit: Tobias Smith.

Tetragonula carbonaria combs. Photo credit report: Tobias Smith.

Stingless come from Meliponini, a people of over 500 varieties located throughout exotic as well as subtropical components of the globe.

Honey generated by stingless is recognized by numerous names such as Meliponine honey, pot-honey, sugarbag honey (in Australia), as well as Kelulut honey (in Malaysia).

The even more well-recognized European honeybees (Apis mellifera) create substantially extra honey, as well as are the globe’s significant honey manufacturing varieties.

Nonetheless, stingless honey is extremely treasured as a specialized food as well as is kept in mind in Native societies for its medical residential or commercial properties as well as draws in a high cost.

In 2020, College of Queensland scientists found that as much as 85% of sugar in stingless honey is trehalulose, not maltose as formerly assumed.

“Trehalulose is extra gradually absorbed as well as there is not the abrupt spike in blood sugar that you obtain from various other sugars,” claimed lead writer Dr. Natasha Hungerford, a scientist in the Queensland Partnership for Farming as well as Food Technology at the College of Queensland.

“The beginning of this unusual sugar had actually been a problem because the exploration of high degrees of sugar trehalulose in stingless honey.”

“We did not recognize if the trehalulose was originating from an outside resource — possibly from indigenous vegetation.”

Dr. Hungerford as well as coworkers intended to figure out if the trehalulose material in stingless honey can be boosted, possibly making the honey better.

“We fed restricted swarms of the Australian stingless Tetragonula carbonaria one of the most usual sugars located in blossom nectar — sucrose, sugar as well as fructose,” Dr. Hungerford claimed.

“What we located is that stingless have a unique ability to transform sucrose to trehalulose as well as create honey abundant in trehalulose in their intestine.”

The scientists additionally located that stingless fed a remedy including table sugar can transform it right into a honey including high degrees of trehalulose.

“Yet the honey they create from table sugar does not fulfill the demands of genuine stingless honey which is made from nectar,” Dr. Hungerford claimed.

“The honey we generated in the laboratory remains in truth phony honey, as well as we had the ability to differentiate it from all-natural honey by isotopic screening.”

“This trehalulose-rich syrup that was generated may be taken into consideration a prospective additional item of stingless , however it is not honey. It is additionally bad for the health and wellness of the hive to feed the just table sugar.”

“Honey includes a complicated series of phytochemicals from nectar, making it essential for brood rearing as well as the growth of the nest populace.”

The results were released in the Journal of Agricultural as well as Food Chemistry.


Natasha L. Hungerford et alia. Feeding Sugars to Stingless : Recognizing the Beginning of Trehalulose-Rich Honey Structure. J. Agric. Food Chem, released online August 12, 2021; doi: 10.1021/acs.jafc.1c02859